Heating in the UK in 2030–35

How do we heat now?

  1. Pure gas heating — ie using gas to heat up a tank of hot water, which can go to radiators — this makes up over 80% of homes
  2. Storage electric (storage heaters and hot water tanks) — using electricity overnight to heat a thermal store (generally a brick) and a tank of hot water
  3. Oil/LPG/biomass heating — common in parts of the country without connection to the gas mains
  4. Non-storage electric (electric radiators and instant showers) — these use electricity when heating is needed
  5. District heating — hot water is produced centrally, and transmitted to homes for heating or hot water
  6. Heat pumps (air and ground source) — these are newer, and much more efficient than storage heaters, because they transport heat into the home from outside or underground. They require a well-insulated home.
  7. Hybrid heat pumps (gas and heat pump) — these combine a heat pump with additional gas when it is cheaper or when extra heat is needed.

How will we heat in 2030–2035?

What policies might get us to this point?

  • Increase deployment of solar and wind generation and batteries
  • Add a carbon tax to retail gas, oil and LPG to remove their artificial advantage over electricity. Potentially remove charges from electricity bills that are not cost-reflective.
  • Support to the financially vulnerable to ensure they get the necessary heating
  • Financial and informational support to help people make switches that are sensible for them
  • Remove heritage and council restrictions that prevent people from improving their home’s heat efficiency
  • Encourage smart technologies and tariffs that reduce the cost of heating with electricity

What about hydrogen?

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